SURGICAL TREATMENT OF NEONATES WITH GASTRIC PERFORATION

Cover Page
  • Authors: Kozlov Y.A.1,2,3, Rasputin A.A.1, Baradieva P.J.1, Ochirov C.B.1, Rasputina N.V.1, Us G.P.1, Kuznetsova N.N.1, Kononenko M.I.1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital
    2. Irkutsk State Medical Academy of Continuing Education
    3. Irkutsk State Medical University Russia
  • Issue: Vol 9, No 1 (2019)
  • Pages: 47-56
  • Section: ОРИГИНАЛЬНЫЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ
  • URL: https://rps-journal.ru/jour/article/view/509
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.30946/2219-4061-2019-9-1-47-56

Abstract


Introduction. Gastric perforation in neonates is a rare disease with high post-operative lethality. The purpose of our study was to analyze risk factors of gastric peroration in neonates and present the surgical treatment outcomes. Materials and methods. We examined the outcomes of surgical treatment of 18 neonates with gastric perforation. At the time of surgery, they have been staying at Ivan and Matryona Children’s Clinical Hospital since January 2000. Demographic measures such as gestational age, after-birth age, gender, and weight at birth are discussed. Risk factors for gastric perforation, gastric lesion localization and disease-related lethality were estimated. Results. We observed 18 premature children with gastric perforation amounting to 13.6% of the total number of children with gastrointestinal perforations. The patients were 1 to 30 days old (mean age of 6.3 days). Mean gestational age was 34 weeks. The weight ranged from 950 to 2.600 g (mean body mass was 2,151.8 g). 10 (55.5%) children had a gastric defect on the greater curvature, 2 (11.1%) children had it on the lesser curvature and 6 (33.3%) patients had the defect on the posterior wall of the stomach. In newborns with gastric perforation, post-operative lethality was 33.3% (n = 6). Conclusion. Preliminary abdominal paracentesis and drainage of the abdominal cavity with multiple organ failure correction until the basic surgery stage will probably improve treatment outcomes and decrease lethality due to decreased pressure in the abdominal cavity.


About the authors

Yu. A. Kozlov

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital;
Irkutsk State Medical Academy of Continuing Education;
Irkutsk State Medical University Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: yuriherz@hotmail.com

Russian Federation Head of department of neonatal surgery at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital; professor of the department of pediatric surgery at Irkutsk State Medical University Russia; professor of the department of pediatric surgery at Irkutsk State Medical Academy of Continuing Education

A. A. Rasputin

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Email: arasputin@mail.ru

Russian Federation Surgeon of department of neonatal surgery at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

P. J. Baradieva

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Email: p.baradieva@cloud.com

Russian Federation Pedaitric surgeon at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Ch. B. Ochirov

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Email: Cimitbator@gmail.com

Russian Federation Surgeon of department of neonatal surgery at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

N. V. Rasputina

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Email: Nmalenkina@ya.ru

Russian Federation Neonatologist at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

G. P. Us

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Email: us.galina@mail.ru

Russian Federation Neonatologist at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

N. N. Kuznetsova

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Russian Federation Neonatologist at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

M. I. Kononenko

Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

Email: 29marinared74@mail.ru

Russian Federation Neonatologist at Irkutsk Municipal Pediatric Clinical Hospital

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